Category: Anthropology

Download E-books Why People Believe in Spirits, God and Magic PDF

By Jack Hunter

This publication makes an attempt to respond to the query of why and the way humans think in spirits, gods and magic from a social anthropology element of view.
Covering issues equivalent to Shamanism & Spirit ownership, Witchcraft & Magic, Ghosts, Spirits, Gods & Demons, Ethnography & the magical and Anthropology & Parapsychology, this book presents an summary of supernatural traditions and practices worldwide. the writer additionally explores anthropological interpretations of supernatural and religious stories, together with the magical reports of the anthropologists themselves after they are doing fieldwork (think Bruce Parry within the Amazon enjoying shamanistic rituals with ayahuasca!)

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Download E-books The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies? PDF

By Jared Diamond

The bestselling writer of Collapse and Guns, Germs and Steel surveys the heritage of human societies to respond to the query: What do we research from conventional societies which may make the realm a greater position for all of us?

Most folks take with no consideration the positive aspects of our sleek society, from air trip and telecommunications to literacy and weight problems. but for almost all of its six million years of life, human society had none of these items. whereas the gulf that divides us from our primitive ancestors could appear unbridgeably broad, we will be able to glimpse a lot of our former way of life in these principally conventional societies nonetheless or lately in lifestyles. Societies like these of the recent Guinea Highlanders remind us that it was once merely yesterday—in evolutionary time—when every thing replaced and that we moderns nonetheless own our bodies and social practices usually larger tailored to standard than to trendy conditions.The international till Yesterday offers a spell binding firsthand photograph of the human prior because it were for thousands of years—a prior that has ordinarily vanished—and considers what the variations among that previous and our current suggest for our lives today.

This is Jared Diamond’s so much own booklet thus far, as he attracts broadly from his a long time of box paintings within the Pacific islands, in addition to proof from Inuit, Amazonian Indians, Kalahari San humans, and others. Diamond doesn’t romanticize conventional societies—after all, we're stunned by way of a few of their practices—but he reveals that their ideas to common human difficulties resembling baby rearing, elder care, dispute solution, hazard, and actual health have a lot to educate us. Provocative, enlightening, and wonderful, The international till Yesterday is an important and engaging read.

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Download E-books Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression PDF

By Dale Maharidge

In Someplace Like America, author Dale Maharidge and photographer Michael S. Williamson take us to the working-class middle of the United States, bringing to life—through shoe leather-based reporting, memoir, brilliant tales, beautiful photos, and considerate analysis—the deepening crises of poverty and homelessness. the tale starts off in 1980, while the authors joined forces to hide the the US being overlooked by means of the mainstream media—people residing at the margins and wasting their jobs due to deindustrialization. considering that then, Maharidge and Williamson have traveled greater than part 1000000 miles to enquire the nation of the operating type (winning a Pulitzer Prize within the process). In Someplace Like America, they stick with the lives of a number of households over the thirty-year span to give an intimate and devastating portrait of employees going jobless. This awesome and crucial study—begun within the trickle-down Reagan years and culminating with the new banking catastrophe—puts a human face on today’s grim financial numbers. It additionally illuminates the braveness and get to the bottom of with which the subsequent new release faces the future.

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Download E-books Social and Cultural Anthropology: A Very Short Introduction PDF

"If you must understand what anthropology is, examine what anthropologists do," write the authors of Social and Cultural Anthropology: a really brief Introduction. This enticing evaluation of the sphere combines an available account of a few of the discipline's guiding ideas and method with plentiful examples and illustrations of anthropologists at work.

Peter simply and John Monaghan start by way of discussing anthropology's most vital contributions to fashionable notion: its research of tradition as a distinctively human attribute, its doctrine of cultural relativism, and its method of fieldwork and ethnography. Drawing on examples from their very own fieldwork in Indonesia and Mesoamerica, they study particular ways that social and cultural anthropology have complex our realizing of human society and tradition. together with an evaluation of anthropology's current place, and a glance ahead to its most likely destiny, Social and Cultural Anthropology will make interesting interpreting for someone fascinated with this social science.

About the sequence: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and elegance, Very brief Introductions provide an creation to a few of life's best issues. Written by way of specialists for the newcomer, they display the best modern wondering the primary difficulties and concerns in 1000s of key issues, from philosophy to Freud, quantum idea to Islam.

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Download E-books Evolution and Prehistory: The Human Challenge PDF

Delivering compelling images, attractive examples, and choose experiences via anthropologists in various destinations around the world, Haviland, Walrath, Prins and McBride current evolution and prehistory in vibrant, obtainable phrases, and exhibit how the sector is suitable to figuring out the complicated international round you. you will have the chance to discover different methods people face the problem of life; know about the relationship among biology and tradition during human evolutionary background in addition to in shaping modern human biology, ideals, and behaviour; and spot the effect of globalization at the persevered survival of our species and planet. to be had with InfoTrac pupil Collections

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Download E-books Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources PDF

John Muir used to be an early proponent of a view we nonetheless carry today—that a lot of California was once pristine, untouched barren region sooner than the coming of Europeans. yet as this groundbreaking e-book demonstrates, what Muir used to be fairly seeing whilst he in demand the grand vistas of Yosemite and the gold and red plant life carpeting the vital Valley have been the fertile gardens of the Sierra Miwok and Valley Yokuts Indians, changed and made effective via centuries of harvesting, tilling, sowing, pruning, and burning. Marvelously special and fantastically written, Tending the Wild is an extraordinary exam of local American wisdom and makes use of of California's normal assets that reshapes our realizing of local cultures and exhibits how we would start to use their wisdom in our personal conservation efforts.

M. Kat Anderson provides a wealth of data on fatherland administration practices gleaned partly from interviews and correspondence with local americans who remember what their grandparents informed them approximately how and whilst parts have been burned, which vegetation have been eaten and which have been used for basketry, and the way vegetation have been tended. The complicated photo that emerges from this and different ancient resource fabric dispels the hunter-gatherer stereotype lengthy perpetuated in anthropological and historic literature. We come to work out California's indigenous humans as energetic brokers of environmental switch and stewardship. Tending the Wild persuasively argues that this conventional ecological wisdom is vital if we're to effectively meet the problem of residing sustainably.

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Download E-books Occultism, Witchcraft, and Cultural Fashions: Essays in Comparative Religions PDF

By Mircea Eliade

In the interval domoninated by way of the triumphs of clinical rationalism, how can we account for the intense good fortune of such occult routine as astrology or the revival of witchcraft? From his point of view as a historian of religions, the eminent student Mircea Eliade exhibits that such renowned tendencies boost from archaic roots and periodically resurface in convinced myths, symbols, and rituals. In six lucid essays accumulated for this quantity, Eliade finds the profound non secular importance that lies on the center of many modern cultural vogues.

Since the entire essays other than the final have been initially brought as lectures, their introductory personality and full of life oral variety cause them to really available to the clever nonspecialist. instead of a popularization, Occultism, Witchcraft, and Cultural Fashions is the achievement of Eliade's conviction that the heritage of religions can be learn through the widest attainable audience.

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Download E-books Making Tea, Making Japan: Cultural Nationalism in Practice PDF

By Kristin Surak

The tea rite persists as the most evocative symbols of Japan. initially a hobby of elite warriors in premodern society, it used to be later recast as a symbol of the fashionable jap country, in basic terms to be reworked back into its present incarnation, mostly the pastime of middle-class housewives. How does the cultural perform of some come to symbolize a country as a complete?

Although few non-Japanese students have peered in the back of the partitions of a tea room, sociologist Kristin Surak got here to understand the internal workings of the tea global over the process ten years of tea education. right here she deals the 1st entire research of the perform that incorporates new fabric on its ancient adjustments, an in depth excavation of its institutional association, and a cautious exam of what she phrases "nation-work"—the hard work that connects the nationwide meanings of a cultural perform and the particular adventure and enactment of it. She concludes via putting tea rite in comparative standpoint, drawing on different expressions of nation-work, comparable to gymnastics and tune, in Europe and Asia.

Taking readers on an extraordinary trip into the elusive international of tea rite, Surak deals an insightful account of the basic strategies of modernity—the paintings of constructing nations.

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