Confined Space Assessment

Employers are responsible for evaluating their workplace to determine if any spaces are permit-required confined spaces. WSS can provide a site evaluation as defined by OSHA standards. WSS can determine the level (potential) of hazards by presenting a risk assessment and evaluating the risk by performing a quantitative logarithm. Photographs, assessments and definitions are included with this service. 29 CFR 1910.146

Ergonomic Assessment

Currently, there is no specific standard regarding ergonomics in the workplace. However, the legal basis for conducting an ergonomic assessment is found within the Occupational Safety and Health Act, Duties (General Duty Clause Section 5). This section requires an employer to provide a work environment free of recognized hazards. WSS can conduct an Ergonomic Assessment of a single workstation or a complete facility. Ergonomic assessments are designed to determine those risk factors which may cause musculoskeletal system injury. The assessments also examine the means to reduce or eliminate those risks by making the job accommodate the worker, rather than have the worker adapt to the work. OSHA – General Duty 5 A 1

Fleet Safety Inspection

WSS can perform safety inspections on various types of vehicles to help ensure safe condition for usage on the roads and highways. Inspections can include condition of tires, brake/air systems, lighting, required safety equipment, and other items pertinent to the safe operation of the vehicle.

Hazardous Energy Control Inspection

Hazardous Energy Control (Lockout/Tagout) Inspection Employers shall establish a program consisting of energy control procedures, employee training and periodic inspections at least annually to ensure that before any employee performs any servicing or maintenance on a machine or equipment where the unexpected energizing, startup or release of stored energy could occur and cause injury, the machine or equipment shall be isolated from the energy source and rendered inoperative. WSS can develop site specific Energy Control Procedures to address OSHA standards. WSS can also conduct third-party annual inspections of your Energy Control Procedures. 29 CFR 1910.147

Industrial Hygiene

Hazardous Substance Monitoring To determine if engineered controls are working to maintain acceptable levels of exposure in the workplace or to establish the need for administrative controls or to determine the appropriate personal protective equipment, hazardous substances must be monitored and quantified by a qualified party. Examples include: Lead Cotton Dust Hexavalent Chromium Silica Dust Solvents and Cutting Oils Asbestos Radiation Formaldehyde Benzene Noise Exposure Assessment When employees are subjected to sound exceeding established levels, feasible administrative or engineering controls shall be utilized. If such controls fail to reduce exposure within the established levels, personal protective equipment shall be provided and used to reduce employee exposure. 29 CFR 1910.95 Respiratory Hazard Exposure Assessment WSS can perform an onsite assessment including a walk through at the facility to determine routine job tasks that may have potential respiratory hazards above the Permissible Exposure Limits or other published levels of concern. 29 CFR 1910.32 Ventilation Survey WSS can perform ventilation surveys on existing systems or assist in the development of a proper ventilation program for your facility and provide a concept design and specifications for mechanical ventilation. 29 CFR 1910.94 Additional Consultative Service Performed by CIH and P.E. Assistance in the appeal of OSHA citations Expert witness services in legal cases Predictive physical-chemical modeling to estimate air contaminant exposure levels Management of Radiation Safety Program Structural strength analysis of load bearing capacity of working surfaces and material handling devices Structural strength analysis of proposed fall protection anchor points 29 CFR 1926.502 Proof testing of proposed “in house” fall protection anchor devices 29 CFR 1926.502 PE Certification of Oil Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures plans EPA 40 CFR, Subchapter D, Part 112 Development of municipal Sewer System Management Plan for control of sewer system overflows and other purposes California State Water Resources Control Board Order No. 2006-0003-DWQ PE Certification of hazardous waste storage systems EPA 40 CFR 265, Subpart J Development of written plans for the Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (PSM) 29 CFR 1910.119 Development of written plans for Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions (Risk Management Plan) EPA 40 CFR 68

Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)/ Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

The objective of a JHA/ JSA is to find a better and safer way to do a job. These documents are also excellent training tools. WSS has hundreds of general JHAs available for immediate purchase or we can create a JHA specific to your facility, tasks or operations. Please call for complete list, options and cost. General Purpose: These prepared documents provide a basic framework that provides a good starting point in your hazard analysis and can be customized by your organization to fit site-specific applications. Site-Specific: To develop these documents for your facility, WSS safety professionals can examine steps of your individual jobs to identify hazards and actions to take to help protect employees from the hazards. Site specific photographs can be used.

Machine Guarding Assessment

WSS can perform a site assessment of your machinery to determine which have a grinding, shearing, punching, pressing, squeezing, drawing, cutting, rolling, mixing or similar action in which an employee may come within the danger zone. Recommendations are provided to address the point of operation in one or a combination of the ways. 29 CFR 1910.211- 219, Subpart O – Machinery and Machine Guarding

Respirator Fit-Testing

Fit testing is a required component of maintaining compliance with a respiratory protection program. Testing is required whenever a different respirator face piece (size, style, model or make) is used and at least annually. WSS performs qualitative and quantitative fit testing at your facility or ours. 29 CFR 1910.134

Safety and Health Facility Compliance Audit

WSS’ onsite safety and health compliance audits can give a “snapshot in time” of facility compliance. A checklist of safety and health compliance issues will be assessed. The report will present findings in a “Needs Assessment” approach with recommendations and solutions provided on a priority basis to help achieve and maintain compliance. A WSS safety consultant can perform a walk-through inspection to observe workplace conditions and employee work practices. These monitoring inspections evaluate onsite risk management efforts by documenting any observed unsafe conditions and unsafe acts in a written report. Site photos will be placed in the report identifying findings. Recommendations such as regulations, company requirements or best practices for correction will also be provided. A WSS experienced safety professional can provide this service on a regular, fixed schedule or on a one-time or as-needed basis.

Safety Program Audits & Inspections

Many written programs have mandatory regulatory requirements for periodic inspections, audits or reviews of the content, application or other components of the programs. WSS is experienced in conducting these program reviews and offers comprehensive guidelines and checklists to management, safety managers and supervisors to conduct these inspections in-house. Safety Program Annual Audit Respiratory Program Annual Audit Lock Out/ Tag Out Annual Audit HAZCOM Program Audit Fall Protection Program Audit Emergency Action Plan Review Confined Space Program Audit Bloodborne Pathogens Program Review

Third-Party Incident Investigation

WSS can provide professional third-party incident investigation services to assist clients in determining real causes to help prevent recurrences. Experienced safety consultants conduct site observations, records review and personal interviews to collect information; the data is then consolidated to identify potential root causes.

Workplace Hazard Assessment

Employers are required to assess their workplace to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to be present, which necessitate the use of personal protective equipment. The employer shall verify that the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies the workplace evaluated; the person certifying that the evaluation has been performed; the date(s) of the hazard assessment and; which identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment. A Job Safety Analysis can be used to accomplish this hazard assessment on specific jobs. WSS can conduct this assessment and create the written certification for your facility. See Job Safety Analysis for additional information. 29 CFR 1910.132


Risk management and consulting services are provided by Workplace Safety Specialists’ experienced safety professionals, industrial hygienists and professional engineers. They identify and prioritize issues and provide professional services including site safety assessments; loss control services; site-specific written programs; policies and procedures; and job hazard analyses.  Industrial hygiene services include noise and air surveys and health and safety program development and enhancement or review. Contact us for assistance with specific project or for ongoing services by the day, week or month.